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Basic Networking Commands in Linux

Written By Psychic Zero on Monday, October 13, 2014 | 2:59 PM


Every node participating in networking needs a valid IP address. On Linux command prompt IP address is assigned by a network configuration window. This window can be invoked by selecting network configuration sub menu form setup command or directly executing system-config-network commands.



Run setup command form root user

 #setup 
 

setup

this will launch a new window select network configuration

network configurations

now a new window will show you all available LAN card select your LAN card ( if you don’t see any LAN card here mean you don’t have install driver)

select lan devices in setup

assign IP in this box and click ok

assign ip address

click on ok, quit and again quit to come back on root prompt.
Alternately you can use system-config-network command directly to invoke this setup window

 #system-config-network 
 

system-config-network

whatever change you made in network configuration will not take place till you restart the LAN card

 #service network restart 
 




service network restart

ifconfig

ifconfig

The ifconfig command will display the configuration of all active Ethernet card. Without specifying any parameter this command will show all active Ethernet card. if you want to see the configuration of any specific Ethernet card then use the name of that card as the command line arguments. for example to show the IP configuration on loop back Interface execute this command

 #ifconfig lo 
 
ifconfig lo

ifup/ifdown

ifup ifdown etho

Each installed network adapter has a corresponding ifcfg-* file in /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts. You can activate or deactivate that adapter with the ifup and ifdown commands. Either of the following commands will activate the eth0 network adapter:
 
 #ifup ifcfg-eth0 #ifup eth0 

netstat

netstat -r

The netstat program provides real-time information on the status of your network connections, as well as network statistics and the routing table. The netstat command has several options you can use to bring up different sorts of information about your network.

arp

arp

The Address Resolution Protocol associates the hardware address of a network adapter with an IP address. The arp command (in the /sbin directory) displays a table of hardware and IP addresses on the local computer. With arp, you can detect problems such as duplicate addresses on the network, or you can manually add arp entries as required.

mii-tool

mii tools

mii-tool command is used to check the link is activated or not. Most use of mii-tool command is to check to physical link of Ethernet card on command line. With this command you can check on command prompt that cable is plugged in LAN card or not.

ping

ping command is used to check the physical connectivity. If you get reply mean everything is ok. If you get request time out response means there is some problem it could be unplugged cable power off switch or enabled firewall on destination node. If you get Destination host unreachable means remote node is not in your network. Use CTRL+C to abort the ping sequence

ping

service network restart

Whatever change you made in network configuration files will not take place until you restart the network services. To implement change this command is used.

service network restart
 

Source Computer Networking Notes.


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